Beveridge & Diamond
 

PERU HIGHLIGHTS

Beveridge & Diamond, P.C. - Latin American Region Environmental Quarterly, July 2011   

Peru Adopts Ten-Year National Environmental Action Plan

Peru has adopted a National Environmental Action Plan setting forth a ten-year strategy for responding to the country’s environmental issues and addressing the management of natural resources.  (Plan Nacional de Acción Ambiental, Peru 2011-2021, Julio 2011 or “Plan”)  The Plan establishes goals in seven priority areas: (i) water resources; (ii) solid wastes; (iii) air quality; (iv) the forest sector and climate change; (v) biological diversity; (vi) mining and energy; and (vii) environmental governance.  Achieving the objectives of the Plan is defined as a shared responsibility of all levels of government.  (Plan, Introduction)

The Plan includes specific actions to be undertaken in each priority area by 2012, 2017 and 2021.  It cites deteriorating water quality as one of the most serious environmental issues faced by Peru and sets a goal of achieving treatment of 100 percent of domestic wastewater in urban areas by 2021.  (Plan, Section 7.1)  For solid waste management, the Plan establishes a 2021 goal of ensuring adequate treatment and disposal of  100 percent of urban solid wastes.  (Plan, Section 7.2)  The goal for air quality is for the countries thirteen principal cities to implement air quality action plans and meet applicable air quality standards by 2012 and maintain air quality thereafter.  (Plan, Section 7.3)

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Congress Approves Forestry Legislation

Peru’s Congress has approved a bill that would adopt a new Forestry and Wildlife Law (Proyecto de Ley 4441/2009-PE or “Bill”).  The Bill would create a National Forestry and Wildlife Service (SERFOR) that would be responsible for developing policies and norms and have oversight and enforcement authority regarding forests and wildlife.  (Bill, Art. 21).  The Bill would also establish four forestry zones including areas that are: (i) designated for permanent production, (ii) classified as requiring protection and ecological conservation; (iii) identified as requiring reforestation; and (iv) in need of a specific strategy due to biophysical, socio-economic, cultural or geopolitical factors.  (Bill, Art. 36).  Passage of the Bill is a key step in satisfying the country’s commitments related to forest sector governance under the U.S.-Peru Trade Promotion Agreement.

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Bill Would Establish Ten-Year Ban on Import of Genetically Modified Organisms

A bill that would establish a ten-year moratorium on import of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) for use in agriculture was recently approved by Peru’s Congress.  (Proyecto de Ley que Declara una Moratoria al Ingreso de Organismos Vivos Modificados or “Bill”).  Living modified organisms used in a confined space for research purposes and pharmaceuticals for which there is no transgenic alternative are outside the scope of the Bill.  (Bill, Art. 2)  The Bill would establish a technical committee comprised of government, private sector, university and biologist representatives to evaluate and prevent risks associated with GMOs and identify ways to improve crop production.  If adopted, the Bill would require implementing regulations within sixty days.   (Bill, Final Provisions)

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