New NY Law Restricts Flame Retardants, Introduces Reporting Requirements

On December 31, 2021, New York Governor Kathy Hochul signed a new law that imposes obligations on manufactures of consumer “electronic displays,” upholstered furniture, and mattresses. An amendment was signed into law on January 24, 2022, updating compliance deadlines and amending other obligations. Beginning December 1, 2024, any new products listed below will be prohibited for sale in New York:

  • Any “electronic displays” sold for personal residential use containing organohalogen flame retardants in the enclosure or stand that are intentionally added or at de minimis levels above regulations to be set by the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation.
  • Any new upholstered furniture or mattresses containing halogenated, organophosphorus, organonitrogen, or nanoscale chemical flame retardants that are intentionally added or at de minimis levels above regulations to be set by the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation.

The organohalogen restriction for “electronic displays” is aligned with the European Union’s earlier EcoDesign Directive requirements for displays that took effect in 2021. The New York law defines “electronic display” as: a consumer product with a display screen and associated electronics that, as its primary function, displays visual information from wired or wireless sources and is available for purchase by individuals or households for personal use in a residential space, excluding displays with a screen area less than or equal to one hundred square centimeters or fifteen and one-half square inches, projectors, virtual reality headsets, all-in-one video conference systems, and displays integrated with appliances that are not available for purchase as separate products by end-users.

Starting at the end of 2022, the new law also requires that all manufacturers of “electronic displays” report any organohalogen flame retardant chemicals used in the enclosure or stand of the electronic display, as a precondition for selling their products in New York State. This new compliance burden will require coordination with upstream suppliers and component manufacturers to collect this information and impose these new restrictions. Under the 2022 amendment, sellers will not be held in violation of this law if they rely in good faith on certificates of compliance from manufacturers stating their products are in compliance with this law. The law also prohibits the re-upholstery or repair of any furniture using halogenated, organophosphorus, organonitrogen, or nanoscale chemical flame retardants as of December 2025.

This new statute may present an early opportunity to test the applicability of federal preemption provisions under the Toxic Substance Control Act (TSCA). Under TSCA, multiple halogenated flame retardants are currently undergoing risk evaluations by the EPA. Among other preemption provisions, TSCA (as amended in 2016) preempts any state from “establish[ing] a statute… or otherwise restricting the manufacture, processing, distribution in commerce, or use of” chemicals under TSCA review. This preemption starts when the scope of the TSCA risk evaluation is defined and ends when the EPA has issued a final risk evaluation or three years from the start of the evaluation. Additionally, depending on the scope and result of the TSCA risk evaluations, states may be permanently barred from restricting certain uses of a chemical substance.

Beveridge & Diamond’s Consumer Products and Product Stewardship, Global Supply Chains practices, including the lawyers in our New York office, work with U.S. and multinational companies that make, distribute, transport, or sell consumer products in a hyper-competitive and evolving consumer goods market. Our Chemicals Regulation practice group provides strategic, business-focused advice to the global chemicals industry. We work with large and small chemical companies whose products and activities are subject to EPA’s broad chemical regulatory authority under TSCA and state chemical restrictions. For more information, please contact the authors.